Sree Narayana Guru's Doctrine on the Essential 5 Duties
Guru gave doctrine on the essential five (Pancha) duties to be accomplished by a person with respect to Purity (Shuddhi), Virtues (Dharma) and Holy Sacrifice (Maha-yajnam).
The GREAT SAGE suggested the paths of righteousness for a life of contentment and well-being of the LOKAM.
PANCHA SHUDDHI (PURITY)
Take bath everyday in CLEAN water. CLEAN the body parts including the private parts. CLEAN the teeth and nails regularly. Wear CLEAN cloths. Breath fresh air. Eat CLEAN and nutritious food, only how much is required. Drink CLEAN water.
Practice using sweet and attractive WORDS with clarity and appropriate to the context. Avoid using WORDS that will hurt others. Learn to talk less and listen more. Read books on spirituality and the history of great people to improve the quality of our WORDS.
MIND is nothing but a flow of thoughts. Develop thoughts that generate LOVE, KINDNESS, COMPASSION, GENTLENESS, FRIENDLINESS, COURAGE, CONCENTRATION and CALMNESS. This is possible by removing bad thoughts stored in the sub-conscious MIND and filling it with good thoughts. Right from the birth, knowingly or unknowingly, consciously or unconsciously, we gather and store bad thoughts in the subconscious MIND and it is providing database to our thought process. The quality of the data bank has to be improved to get better results. Daily prayers with awareness and meditation may help us in controlling our MIND and directing it to search within.
Eyes, Nose, Tongue, Ears and Skin are the SENSE organs (Indriyas). We know the outside world with the help of these SENSE organs. All these are desirous of enjoyments all the time. These are always in search of one object or the other to play with. These don’t know their limits. These may therefore take us anywhere they like to end up in sorrow.. Therefore avoid pampering the SENSES or avoid using them excessively. EXERCISE CONTROL.
Allow the SUN RAYS and the FRESH AIR to enter the HOUSE. Remove unwanted and filthy things from the HOUSE. Clean the HOUSE daily. Keep the urinals and toilet clean. Keep surroundings of the HOUSE also clean. Use 'agarbatties' or smoke the HOUSE with some pleasant and aromatic smelling substances to provide DIVINE PRESENCE.
PANCHA DHARMAM (VIRTUES)
1. AHIMSA (NON-VIOLENCE)
Not troubling the body, life or mind of other living beings by our thoughts, words or actions is known as AHIMSA. If we practice AHIMSA, other living beings, whether they are cruel or otherwise, will trust us like a child trusting the mother.
2. SATYAM (TRUTH)
TRUTH is permanent. TRUTH is the real God. The entire world is existing on the foundation of TRUTH. We should therefore tell the TRUTH. We should not tell lie. Telling lie is against the God. Person telling TRUTH alone will bring results as per his words. TRUTH ALWAYS WIN.
Abstaining from stealing the property of others is ASTHEYAM. It is also a state of having no interest in the property of others. If one refrains from stealing, then God will provide all prosperity. Theft spoils one's reputation. A person who is always free by thought, words or actions from theft will be trusted by the people and they will surrender everything they have before him.
Looking upon any woman or man with a lustful eye or passion, making suggestive talks with untoward motives, indulging in illicit relationships etc. are to be avoided. These behaviours will lead one to the untimely loss of prestige, position, respect, reputation, wealth, knowledge, custom, family and life itself. Therefore those who want to have HAPPY LIFE in this LOKAM or in HEAVEN should avoid such activities.
5. MADDYA VARJANAM (LIQUOR PROHIBITION)
The substances like alcohol, narcotics, tobacco etc. that cause harm to our intellect or thinking power should not be consumed. Those who take these substances regularly get addicted to these items. They are hated by their own wife, father, mother, brothers, sisters, children and even God. Therefore never indulge in drugs, drinking, smoking, or tobacco chewing.
PANCHA MAHAYAJNAM (HOLY SACRIFICE)
1. BRAHMA YAJNAM
Learning spiritual and religious texts like Vedas, Upanishads, Bible, Quran etc. and teaching it to others. The knowledge of Vedas and Upanishads are known to be the ultimate or supreme. Guru has revealed these knowledge in simple language through his numerous books. KNOWLEDGE IS POWER. Knowledge only can liberate us to provide fulfilment and happiness. Therefore, be a student throughout the life.
2. PITRU YAJNAM
Have respect to parents, teachers and elders. Show gratitude to whatever they have done to us. Look after them in whatever way possible. Remember the good things done by them and felicitate them.
3. DAIVA YAJNAM
Offer prayers to God. God in a temple is symbolic. We have attributed certain qualities and powers in them. Try to imbibe the qualities attributed to the God we worship and live accordingly. This will provide us the necessary courage to face the challenges in life.
4. BHOOTA YAJNAM
Love the birds and animals. Give them food. Love the environment. Love the plants. We should understand that the wealth of this universe is to be enjoyed by all the creatures in this LOKAM with equal rights.
5. MANUSHYA YAJNAM
Guests, destitutes, sufferers, servants etc. should be LOVED and PROTECTED. They should be helped to meet their needs.